The Emissions Scheme That Would Have saved Kevin Rudd
When the Senate blocked Kevin Rudd’s plan for an Emissions Trading Scheme in December 2009 he – and, as he insisted on Q and A last night, his colleagues – hesitated. Or froze. But they did have an alternative. And the alternative would have saved his Prime Ministership. I’m convinced of the proposition.
Remember that the then-Prime Minister got into trouble because, after this defeat in the Senate, he appeared to move sideways from that ETS commitment. In April 2010 he was trapped into confirming Lenore Taylor’s report in The SMH that the government no longer had a plan to put an ETS in place. At this point Kevin Rudd was politically naked, without:
- a trigger to justify the abandonment of an ETS (because the Senate defeat was now five months back);
- an alternative to show that his government was still committed to climate change action .
His alternative would have been this: to announce the NSW GGAS Scheme would be taken national. The scheme applies only to the output of power stations and does not include other sectors like steel, aluminium or transport. The scheme was recently praised by Shadow Environment Minister Greg Hunt, who called it “the best incentive-based emissions trading scheme in the world.”
In December 2009 Prime Minister Rudd could have said that adopting the NSW GGAS Scheme was his alternative to a full scale ETS until the Senate came to its senses and allowed passage of his twice-blocked bill. In the meantime, the NSW scheme would be applied nationally.
The GGAS scheme, launched in 2003, was in fact the world’s first carbon trading scheme, coming two years before the EU’s ETS. It is a ‘baseline and credit’ system, which works by requiring NSW electricity suppliers (that is, electricity retailers) to reduce their greenhouse emissions per customer. Otherwise they have to invest in offsets, such as authentic carbon- capturing plantations. Credits, in the form of NSW Greenhouse Abatement Certificates, are given when greenhouse performance improves on the emitter’s prior practice, or current industry practice. These certificates can be traded – that is purchased by other emitters.
An audit of the scheme in 2009 showed it had saved or offset over 90 million tonnes of greenhouse gases since beginning in 2003. In 2009 alone, 15 million certificates were created from electricity generation projects – a 26 percent increase over the year before.
In the rush of events, of course, it’s easy for governments to become overwhelmed. In retrospect it’s easy to be wise. But think about it: “We can’t get what we want… but here’s something to put in its place…meanwhile we’ll fight to get a trading scheme through the Senate at the next opportunity.”
If this had been the Prime Minister’s response in December 2009, it would have avoided that overnight six percent drop in popularity that was to come in April 2010 with the headline revelation about the government moving slyly away from the ETS. And Kevin Rudd would be Prime Minister today, heading a majority government. And we would be curbing carbon emissions from the biggest source, ready to expand this scheme into a fully fledged ETS as soon as the Green Party would allow it thought the Senate.